Pediatric Cardiac Surgery

Pediatric Cardiac Surgery

Pediatric Cardiac Surgery


Our pediatric cardiac surgery team includes professionals who are highly trained in the special needs of children. Our experienced pediatric anesthesiologists, intensive care specialists, perfusionists (who operate the heart-lung machine), and nursing staff all have dedicated expertise in pediatric cardiac surgery.


Children with heart disorders often require support services in addition to their cardiac surgery. The program provides special services, and a team of caregivers, including nutritionists, who work to ensure that our patients continue to thrive after their surgery. Our skill, understanding, and attention to all the details that are important to a child's recovery help to make the Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Program one of the top choices in the nation for pediatric cardiac care.

The Pediatric Cardiac surgery Program offers the most advanced surgical therapy for congenital heart disease for pediatric patients of all ages, from newborns to adolescents.

The conditions that we treat include

  • anomalous left coronary from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA)
  • aortic and subaortic stenosis and regurgitation
  • aortopulmonary window
  • atrial and ventricular septal defects
  • atrioventricular canal
  • coarctation of the aorta
  • cor triatriatum
  • coronary artery anomalies/coronary fistulas
  • double outlet right ventricle
  • Ebstein's anomaly and tricuspid valve disease
  • failing Fontan surgery
  • heart tumors
  • hypoplastic left heart syndrome
  • mitral valve stenosis and regurgitation
  • patent ductus arteriosus
  • pulmonary atresia
  • pulmonary stenosis
  • pulmonary valve stenosis and regurgitation
  • single ventricle disease>
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
  • total anomalous pulmonary venous return/pulmonary vein stenosis vascular rings
  • transposition of the great arteries
  • tricuspid atresia
  • truncus arteriosus

List of Conditions

World-class Care for Children of All Ages

We offers the most advanced surgical therapy for congenital heart disease for pediatric patients of all ages, from newborns to adolescents. The conditions that we treat most often in the various age groups include:


Transposition of the Great Arteries

Transposition of the great arteries results from a switch in the anatomical positions of the pulmonary artery and aorta such that the aorta arises from the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery arises from the left ventricle. This anomaly causes oxygen-poor blood to be circulated to the body instead of oxygen-rich blood, a life-threatening medical emergency requiring immediate treatment.

Our world-renowned surgeon does the innovative arterial switch procedure which re-establishes normal anatomy and function while seeking to avoid the complications that have been associated with other surgical approaches. We have performed more than 100  arterial switch procedures since 2001.

Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome

Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is caused by an incompletely formed left side of the heart. We have limited experience with the Norwood procedure and multi-stage palliation for HLHS.The reason being these patients generally slip through the cracks of an imperfectly developed and uncoordinated, largely private based healthcare network. This results in not diagnosing the condition in time and thereby not allowing timely diagnosis and prompt intervention.


Tetralogy of Fallot

Tetralogy of Fallot, in which the heart delivers less oxygen to the body than normal, is the most common cyanotic defect. This complex congenital condition consists of four developmental defects that require surgical correction early in childhood.

Ventricular Septal Defects

Ventricular septal defect an opening in the wall that separates the two ventricles of the heart, causes mixing of oxygen-poor blood with oxygen-rich blood.

Atrial Septal Defects

Atrial septal defect, an opening in the wall between the right and left atria, results in abnormal blood flow through the heart. Left untreated, this condition can cause enlargement of the right side of the heart, arrhythmias and, in some cases, pulmonary hypertension.

Coarctation of the Aorta

Coarctation of the aorta, a constriction in the aorta, causes blood pressure to increase above the narrowed area while limiting blood flow to the body.

Atrioventricular Canal

Atrioventricular canals are large openings between the right and left sides of the heart. Usually, one large common valve replaces the normal mitral and tricuspid valves. Left untreated, this defect can cause the poor growth, malnourishment, enlargement of the heart, and even pulmonary hypertension.


Single Ventricle Disease

Single ventricle is a collective term that describes defects in which oxygen-rich and -poor blood is mixed in a single ventricle. Our expertise in the Fontan procedure, which directs oxygen-poor blood directly to the pulmonary artery and lungs. The single ventricle is reserved for collecting oxygen-rich blood from the lungs, then pumping it to the aorta and the rest of the body. We generally believe in staging the procedure in children, unlike older individuals who ,if eligible could have a single stage operation.

Valve repair

Valve repair, is performed for damaged mitral, tricuspid, or aortic valves. We perform the Ross procedure for children with congenitally damaged aortic valves that require corrective surgery. Abnormal mitral, tricuspid, or aortic valves require and do receive expert surgical treatment.

Adult Congenital Heart Disease

At our center, we also provide highly specialized cardiology and cardiac surgery care for adults with congenital heart disease whose needs require the special expertise of physicians who are trained in both pediatric and adult heart disease and their treatment.

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