Conditions Treated that cause terminal Heart failure.
Heart transplantation is a surgical treatment for advanced heart failure.Heart failure
Also known as congestive heart failure (CHF). This occurs when the heart muscle fails to pump adequate amount of blood due to a range of conditions affecting the heart.Cardiomyopathy
The deterioration of the pump function of the heart muscle that often leads to heart failure.Primarily a generic term for a multifactorial causal process that leads to irreversibly damaged heart muscle, that is irrevocable to conventional medical therapy.Intractable Arrhythmia
An abnormal heart rhythm that is considered serious when it causes the heart to beat too slow or too fast or too irregularly to effectively pump blood . Arrythmias that are not amenable to drug therapy or electrophysiological intervention . These conditions eventually, due to their intractable nature have no other alternative form of therapy other than a substitution of the heart with a natural replacement .Congenital heart disease
A defect in the structure of the heart and associated vessels, present since birth. Some complex heart conditions are not amenable to palliative staged therapy. In many cases the children that present at a later age are not candidates for any form of palliation or surgical correction might require a heart or a heart and lung transplantation.End stage Coronary artery disease with non graftable targets
Occurs when arteries in the heart narrow or become blocked and diffusely diseased due to the nature and extent of the predisposing risk factors; may cause angina, a heart attack, or congestive heart failure. These patients with end stage heart disease and congestive heart failure might also require a heart transplant.Heart attack
Also known as a myocardial infarction. This occurs when one of more regions of the heart muscle experience a severe or prolonged lack of oxygen caused by blocked blood flow to the heart muscle.Extensive muscle damage could lead to an irreversibly damaged and under performing heart, requiring a substitute in the form of heart transplant.Valvular heart disease
Any disease involving one or more of the valves of the heart. Valvular heart disease may be inherited or acquired. Long standing untreated or undetected valve disease could at times, lead to irreversibly damaged hearts that are not amenable for repair or valve replacement. Such patients might also benefit from a heart transplant.Amyloidosis
A disease characterized by an abnormal build up of proteins (called amyloids) in various organs in the body. Advanced cases have severe cardiac muscle involvement leading to advanced heart failure. These patients have no other treatment option other than a heart transplant.